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News

USEFULNESS AND ADVANTAGES OF THE TWO YEAR B.ED AND M.ED COURSES


National council for Teacher Education(NCTE) has resolved to modify the present one-year courses of B.Ed and M.Ed Teacher Education programmesinto two-year courses from 2015 onwards throughout the country. The course structure of the two year-B.Edprogramme offers a comprehensive coverage of themes and rigorous field engagement with the child, school and community. This programme is comprised of three broad inter-related curricular areas as (i) Perspectives in Education (ii) Curriculum and pedagogic studies and(iii) Engagement with the field. ‘Perspectives in Education’ includes courses in the study of childhood, child development and adolescence, contemporary India and Education, theoretical foundations of knowledge and curriculum, teaching and learning, gender in the context of school and society and inclusive education.‘Curriculum and pedagogic studies’ offers a study of the nature of disciplines, critical understanding of the school curriculum , pedagogy as the integration of knowledge about the learner, the discipline and the societal context of learning and research relating to different aspects of young children’s learning . This programme enables the students to specialize in one subject area. ‘Engagement with the Field’ enables the student teachers to engage with the self, the child, community and school. This curricular area has three components, as (i)Tasks and Assignments, that run through all the courses as indicated in the syllabus (ii)school Internship and (iii)courses on Enhancing professional capacities(EPC).Transaction of the courses may be done using a variety of approaches, such as, case studies, group presentations, projects, discussions on reflective journals, observation of children and interactions with the community. The major thrust of the 2 year M.Edprogramme is the professional preparation of teacher educators. This programme aims to develop in the teacher educators skills related to independent study of literature, research, academic writing, professional communication and team work. The curriculum has four components as (i) Perspective courses; (ii)Tool courses(iii) Teacher Education component and (iv)specializations. Perspective courses consist of the following five courses: (1) Introduction to Education studies (2) philosophy of education,(3) Psychology of education (4)Sociology, History and Political Economy courses and (5) curriculum studies.Tool courses equip the students with skills and understandings to ‘read’ educational research and to develop abilities to plan and perform quality research. Teacher Education component develops professional attitudes, values and interests needed to function as a teacher educator. Thespecialization component offers two choices as (a) Elementary Education or (b) Secondary and Senior secondary Education. In order to imbibe all of the above satisfactorily 2 years of study is definitely necessary and of paramount importance. by Dr.SanthammaZachariah, M.A., M.Ed., M.Phil., Ph.D. Associate professor, James college of Education, Mananvilai,Karungal, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu